Venice is known as the 'city on water': over half of the 415 km2 of the municipality area consists of water of the Lagoon. The historical centre - "the fish" as it is widely known - is only 8 km2 in size.
The city of Venice has a population of approximately 270.000 inhabitants, 60.000 of which live in "the fish". The larger metropolitan area of Venice has about 830.000 inhabitants.
Venice is situated in a area where the Continental climate meets the Mediterranean one. The proximity of the Adriatic Sea mitigates the minimum temperatures in winter (1 °C on average) and the maximum temperatures in summer (28 °C on average). The annual precipitation is ca. 748 mm, distributed on average on 79 days, with a peak in fall and a secondary peak in summer.